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Using Time Machine to Back Up your Mac to a QNAP NAS via SMB

With the release of macOS Sierra, Time Machine can now use SMB in addition to AFP for backups. Your QNAP NAS is Mac-friendly and has full compatibility with Time Machine.

This tutorial teaches you how to automatically back up photos, music files, videos, documents, settings and applications from your Mac to your QNAP NAS, using the protocol SMB.

Prerequisites:

A Mac computer running macOS 10.12 Sierra or later.
A QNAP NAS running QTS 4.3.0 or later.

There are two different ways to set up Time Machine backups on your QNAP NAS. Choose from the following:

Backing up one or more Macs using different NAS user accounts

  1. Preparing the NAS for Time Machine Backups
    1.1 Creating a Time Machine backup user
    1.2 Creating a Time Machine backup shared folder
    1.3 Configure QTS to use SMB 3.0
  2. Configuring Time Machine to use the NAS for backups

Backing up one Mac using the default Time Machine backup account

  1. Preparing the NAS for Time Machine Backups
  2. Configuring Time Machine to use the NAS for backups

 

Backing up one or more Macs using different NAS user accounts

Follow this tutorial if you have multiple Mac computers that want to use the NAS for Time Machine backups.

1. Preparing the NAS for Time Machine Backups

1.1 Creating a Time Machine backup user

A specific backup user account can be created just for Time Machine. This gives the option of setting a storage quota for each Mac, and it also more secure.

If you want to use existing NAS user accounts for backing up, skip this step.

  1. Go to “Control Panel” > “Privilege” > “Users” > “Create”, and select “Create a User”.
  2. Specify a username and password. This user will be used for Time Machine backups for this Mac.
  3. (Optional) Set a storage quota for this account, to prevent this Mac from using too much space when backing up. Setting a quota of two times your Mac’s total storage space or greater is suggested.
  4. Click “Create” to create the user account.

1.2 Creating a Time Machine backup shared folder

  1. Go to “Control Panel” > “Privilege” > “Shared Folders” > “Create” and select “Shared Folder”.
  2. Specify a folder name. This folder will be used to store backup data for this Mac.
  3. Click “Edit” to configure access privileges for users.
  4. Check the “RW” box for the backup user. This could be the user created previously in this tutorial, or an existing NAS user.
  5. Click “Create” to create the shared folder.

1.3 Configure QTS to use SMB 3.0

  1. Go to “Control Panel” > “Network & File Services” > “Win/Mac/NFS” > “Microsoft Networking” > “Advanced Options”.
  2. Select “SMB 3.0” in the “Highest SMB version” drop down list, then click “Apply”.

2. Configuring Time Machine to use the NAS for backups

  1. Launch “Finder” on the Mac.
  2. In “Finder” open the “Go” menu and click “Connect to Server”.
  3. Enter “smb://<NAS name.local or IP address>”.
  4. Specify the username and password of the backup user account when prompted. This could be the user created previously in this tutorial, or an existing NAS user.
  5. Select the NAS shared backup folder created earlier in this tutorial.
  6. Launch “Time Machine” on the Mac.
  7. Click “Select Backup Disk” to specify a backup destination. Select the NAS shared backup folder, and click “Use Disk”.
  8. Specify the username and password of the NAS backup user. This could be the user created previously in this tutorial, or an existing NAS user. Click “Connect”.
  9. You can now use Time Machine to back up this Mac to your QNAP NAS.

Backing up one Mac using the default Time Machine backup account

Follow this tutorial if you only have one Mac computer.

1. Preparing the NAS for Time Machine Backups

  1. Go to “Main Menu” > “Hybrid Backup Sync” > “Backup Server” > “Time Machine” and check “Enable Time Machine Support”.
    Note : If Hybrid Backup Sync is not installed, you can install it in the App Center. This setting can also be found in “Backup Station” > “Backup Server” > “Time Machine Support”.
  2. Specify a password for Time Machine.
  3. Set a maximum storage quota for Time Machine backups in the “Capacity” field. Zero means no quota; storage space is unrestricted.
    Note: If the backup data size is greater than the value in the “capacity” field, the Time Machine backup will fail
  4. Go to “Control Panel” > “Network & File Services” > “Win/Mac/NFS” > “Microsoft Networking” > “Advanced Options”.
  5. Select “SMB 3.0” in the “Highest SMB version” drop down list, and click “Apply”

2. Configuring Time Machine to use the NAS for backups

  1. If your Mac and NAS are not on the same network and subnet, follow these steps. If your Mac and NAS are on the same network and subnet, you can skip this step.
    1. Launch “Finder” on your Mac.
    2. In “Finder” open the “Go” menu and click “Connect to Server”.
    3. Enter “smb://<NAS name.local or IP address>/TMBackup”.
    4. Enter username “TimeMachine” and the Time Machine password created earlier in this tutorial.
  2. Launch “Time Machine” on your Mac, and click “Select Backup Disk“.
  3. Select the NAS shared folder “TMBackup”. When hovering the mouse over the disk, you can see that backup is via SMB.
  4. Enter username “TimeMachine” and the Time Machine password created earlier in this tutorial.
  5. You can now use Time Machine to back up your Mac to your NAS.
  6. If you want to check the backup, open File Station on the NAS, and locate the shared folder “TMbackup”.
Datum vydání: 2017-04-07
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